There is a lot of speculation surrounding ear and tail cropping in dogs. There is nothing surprising in this, because the procedure itself raises a lot of questions: when it is done, what breeds it is applied to, whether there really is a need for it, how it affects the condition of the pet. And most importantly: is the cropping of the ears and tails of animals really prohibited in Europe?
Why do you need cupping?
Docking ears and tails in dogs began a very long time ago. People learned how to do it correctly in the Middle Ages. Initially, “pruning” was carried out for utilitarian reasons and concerned only hunting dogs. Docked hounds at an early puppy age. The tails of the dogs were cut off so that they would not dangle them in dense thickets. In addition, “burrowing” hunting breeds with a selected tail are much easier to pull out of the underground shelter of an animal that is being hunted.
By the middle of the 20th century, the utilitarian function of dogs had actually come to naught. Today, even many hunting breeds are used only as companion dogs. However, trimming tails and ears continues not only because of tradition. The fact is, since a number of hunting breeds had their tails and ears removed at an early puppy age, people engaged in breed selection never selected such dogs according to the parameters of their tails or ears. This means that dogs that have been traditionally docked may have ugly tails. Moreover, they can be too long and interfere with the dog’s life, as the breed is not accustomed to feel the length of an important process. As a result, the tail is constantly pressed or the breed swings it too much.
Of course, docking can be carried out for medical reasons, for example, if the tail has been broken and it is no longer possible to heal it correctly.
In addition, not only the ears and tails are stopped, but also the fifth toes on the paws. Most often they are given to hunting and sporting dogs. It is believed that they interfere with running. It is worth noting that the fifth finger has indeed lost its functionality in dogs as a result of evolution and is a vestige. In addition, it can be easily injured, and claws continue to grow on them, which need to be trimmed regularly. However, today the correctness of cupping the fifth toe is being questioned by many veterinarians and scientists. There is reason to believe that it actually improves the coordination of the animal when turning.
Is cupping really banned in Europe?
In recent decades, there has been a lot of controversy surrounding the docking of the tails and ears of dogs. However, in European countries there are more and more states where cupping for non-medical reasons is really prohibited. While this trend is not generally accepted, however, the movement is taking place precisely in the direction of tightening the right to apply this practice. However, there is still no consensus among scientists about the need for relief or harm from it.
What breeds are docked?
Tail trimming is done in the following breeds: Boxer, Cane Corso, Rottweiler, Yorkshire Terrier, Doberman, Spaniel, Poodle, Schnauzer, Kerry Blue Terrier, German Boxer.
Trimming at the ears is done in the following breeds: Cane Corso, Doberman, American Staffordshire Terrier, Dogo Argentino, Doberman Pinscher, Canadian Great Dane, German Boxer, Caucasian Shepherd Dog, Central Asian Shepherd Dog, American Pit Bull Terrier, all types of Schnauzers.